Gene (۱)

Christian Doppler was an Austrian scientist. In 1842, Doppler, 39, used mathematical logic to argue that the pitch of a sound or the color of the light depends on the space and speed of the observer. If the source of the sound is coming towards the listener, the pitch of the sound will be higher due to compression while it will be lower if it is far away. Critics joked. How is it possible for the light from a single lamp to look different?

In 1845, Doppler put a band of musicians on the train and told them to keep playing the same note when the train left. The audience standing on the platform listened in amazement that the note was more when the train was approaching them while it was with less pitch when it was going away.

Doppler Kaka said that sound and light work according to universal and natural principles, no matter how irrational they may seem to listeners and viewers. If you look carefully, the chaotic and complex phenomena of the world are the result of very disciplined natural laws. Many times we understand them with our perception and conscience, but most of the time we need intelligence-driven experiences and situations. Like putting a band on a train ... That we may understand them.

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Science was flourishing in Vienna. Doppler was a physics teacher and one of his students was both impressed and disturbed by Doppler's methods. These students were Mendel. He was interested in biology but the science of biology seemed to be awkward discipline. Taxonomy was taught in biology. Living things were divided into Kingdom, File, Class, Order, Family, Genera and Genre. But it was all just a matter of creating categories. What was the logic behind it? Why was that Why is a baby kangaroo a kangaroo, a bat of bats? Why are babies with blonde and blue-eyed blondes and blue-eyed children and children with black and curly hair born at home? It was all unknown.

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These questions were centuries old. Pythagoras presented his theory on this in the sixth century BC. The main point was that inheritance comes from the father. Male semen collects instructions from the whole body. It collects mysterious vapors from each organ and becomes a person's library and a person's essence. It contains instructions such as eye color and hair texture.

It enters the mother's body and when it stops, it gets food from there and thus the baby comes into being. This theory was later called spermism. The main character was the sperm. The father gives the child "nature." Mom raises him. Behind this idea was Pythagoras' obsession with the triangle. Like the math of his triangle, his formula was that one side of it is the nature of the father, the other is the nature of the mother and with their help, the third side can be known.

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Aristotle's sharp and analytical mind refuted Pythagoras' theory of inheritance through experimental data from the biological world. Hereditary features can occur once or twice in two generations. Many habits, such as gait, staring into space, or mental state, are not features that can go into sperm. And if a girl is born, then how can she get all her features from her father?

Aristotle proposed an alternative idea that was far ahead of his time. Just as features are inherited from the father, so too are the new entities inherited from the mother and their union. What is passed from the father to the mother is the message. Such as a building map. Similarly, there are some instructions that are passed on, while some instructions are from the mother. While the material for making a child comes from the mother. Inheritance is actually a message transmission. It's not a triangle, it's a circle. Form to Information and Information to Form.

Aristotle called it code and although Aristotle's basic idea of ​​code was correct, but if the inheritance is the transfer of information, then what is this information? Where is

For thousands of years this question could not be advanced beyond Aristotle and Pythagoras.

(to be continued)